Cpp-Taskflow  2.3.0
Quick Start

Modern C++ Parallel Task Programming Library

Cpp-Taskflow is a fast C++ header-only library to help you quickly write parallel programs with complex task dependencies. Cpp-Taskflow is by far faster, more expressive, fewer lines of code, and easier for drop-in integration than existing parallel task programming libraries such as OpenMP Tasking and Intel Thread Building Block (TBB) FlowGraph.


Cpp-Taskflow is committed to support both academic and industry research projects, making it reliable and cost-effective for long-term and large-scale developments. Our users say:

  • "Cpp-Taskflow has the cleanest task API I've ever seen." Damien Hocking
  • "Cpp-Taskflow has a very simple and elegant tasking interface. The performance also scales very well." Glen Fraser
  • "Cpp-Taskflow lets me handle parallel processing in a smart way." Hayabusa
  • "Best poster award for the open-source parallel programming library." 2018 Cpp Conference
  • "Second Place in Open Source Software Competition." 2019 ACM Multimedia Conference

See a quick presentation and visit our GitHub to learn more about Cpp-Taskflow.

How to Install Cpp-Taskflow?

Cpp-Taskflow is header-only and there is no need for installation. Simply download the source and copy the headers under the taskflow subdirectory to your project.

~$ git clone https://github.com/cpp-taskflow/cpp-taskflow.git
~$ cd cpp-taskflow/
~$ cp -r taskflow myproject/include/

A Simple First Program

Here is a rather simple program to get you started.

#include <taskflow/taskflow.hpp> // Cpp-Taskflow is header-only
int main(){
tf::Executor executor;
tf::Taskflow taskflow;
auto [A, B, C, D] = taskflow.emplace(
[] () { std::cout << "TaskA\n"; }, // task dependency graph
[] () { std::cout << "TaskB\n"; }, //
[] () { std::cout << "TaskC\n"; }, // +---+
[] () { std::cout << "TaskD\n"; } // +---->| B |-----+
); // | +---+ |
// +---+ +-v-+
A.precede(B); // A runs before B // | A | | D |
A.precede(C); // A runs before C // +---+ +-^-+
B.precede(D); // B runs before D // | +---+ |
C.precede(D); // C runs before D // +---->| C |-----+
// +---+
return 0;

The program creates four tasks A, B, C, and D. The dependency constraints force A to run before B and C, and D to run after B and C. The maximum concurrency is this example is two, where B and C can run at the same time.


Compile and Run Your First Program

Cpp-Taskflow is written in C++17 and is built on top of C++ standardized threading libraries. To compile the above program, you need to tell the compiler where to find the Cpp-Taskflow header files. For example, with gcc you need the -I option.

~$ g++ simple.cpp -I myproject/include/ -std=c++17 -O2 -pthread -o simple
~$ ./simple

The execution order of B and C might differ as they can run concurrently.

Supported Compilers

To use Cpp-Taskflow, you only need a compiler that supports C++17:

  • GNU C++ Compiler v7.3 with -std=c++17
  • Clang C++ Compiler v6.0 with -std=c++17
  • Microsoft Visual Studio Version 15.7 (MSVC++ 19.14)
  • AppleClang Compiler v11.00 with -std=c++17

Cpp-Taskflow works on Linux, Windows, and OSX.


Cpp-Taskflow is open-source under permissive MIT license.